Friday, January 9, 2009

Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (ARWSP)

    Rural water supply being a State subject, States take up projects and schemes from their own resources. However, Government of India has been supplementing State efforts in providing safe drinking water in rural areas. The National Agenda for Governance of the Government envisages provision for safe drinking water to all rural habitations in the country by 2004.
    To accelerate the coverage of uncovered and partially covered rural habitations with safe drinking water, the Central Government has launched the Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (ARWSP), with the following priorities:
 Coverage of no safe source habitations
 Coverage of quality affected habitations with acute toxicity
 Upgradation of source level of safe source habitations, which get less than 40 liters per capita per day (Ipcd)
 Coverage of schools and Angwadis 
To take up projects/schemes under ARWSP, following norms are to be followed: 
40 lpcd of drinking water for human beings;
30 lpcd of additional water for cattle in areas under the Desert Development Programme;
One hand-pump or stand post for every 250 persons; and,
Availability of water source in the habitation or within 1.6 km in the plains and I 00 m elevation in hilly area. 
    Funds are provided to States for making provision of safe drinking water in rural habitations. The State Governments are to provide matching funds from their own resources. To tackle water quality problems and to ensure source sustainability, up to 20 per cent of the fund can be utilized. Projects/schemes on sustainability of sources can also be taken up under this programme for rainwater harvesting, artificial recharge, revival of traditional systems like Kundis, Johads, dugwells, etc. Further, 15 per cent of the funds released can be spent on operation and maintenance (O&M) of the existing systems/sources of rural water supply.
 Sector Reform: Community Participation
    A certain proportion of the ARWSP funds are set aside for implementation of Sector Reforms projects for institutionalizing community participation in the Rural Water Supply Programme. This programme has been introduced in 67 pilot districts across the country, under which, the community is equipped to plan, sanction, implement, manage, operate and maintain rural water supply schemes of their own choice so as to ensure their sustainability. Under these projects, people's contribution amounting to at least 1 0 per cent of the capital cost and I 00 per cent of the O&M cost are also envisaged. The contribution towards capital cost can be ion the form of cash, kind or labour.
 Role of Panchayats
    After the 73ra Amendment to the Constitution of India, the subject of rural water supply was placed under the Panchayati Raj Institutions, arid the Panchayats/local community have the power to implement schemes, particularly in selecting the location of hand pumps, standposts and spot sources; in management of sources and schemes.

Churachandpur district , Manipur a din water supply project a om leh patkhiat nai loh te en in.Page 5 na ah Singhat, Thanlon leh Saikot ah: CLICK


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